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2Physics Quote:
"The quantum-mechanical behavior of light atoms plays an important role in shaping the physical and chemical properties of hydrogen-bonded liquids, such as water. Tunneling is a classic quantum effect in which a particle moves through a potential barrier despite classically lacking sufficient energy to transverse it. The tunneling of hydrogen atoms in condensed matter systems has been observed for translational motions through metals, anomalous proton diffusion in water phases, and in the rotation of methyl and ammonia groups ..."
Alexander I. Kolesnikov, George F. Reiter, Narayani Choudhury, Timothy R. Prisk, Eugene Mamontov, Andrey Podlesnyak, George Ehlers, Andrew G. Seel, David J. Wesolowski, Lawrence M. Anovitz
(Read Full Article: "Quantum Tunneling of Water in Ultra-Confinement"
)

Thursday, February 10, 2005

Physics: from Electron to Universe

... and what about your cellphone or the large TV in your living room?

In 1897 .. when J. J. Thompson conclusively discovered electrons,
many might have wondered what could be the use of learning about
such small particles ... a few millions of which can be accomodated
on the tip of a needle.
[Electron's 'classical' radius is about 2.8 X 10^(-15) meter
which means you need to divide 2.8 meters by 1 million billion.
Why 'classical?' - Be patient. We'll explain that later]

But within a few decades the world got revolutionized mainly with
the use of electricity (which is nothing but flow of electrons in wires)
and the great discovery of semiconductors in which energy of electron
is controlled in such a way that the device can be assigned to do
various kinds of logical operation and used to make wonderful
things ... like radio, T.V, telephone .... computer .... microwave oven..
Our modern day life is so much dependent on electrons that we
almost forget that these is being put to work day and night like slaves
by our technology experts for helping us to communicate and do
important jobs and provide us comfort!

Electron is a true revolution in mankind's history.
Alas! We never celebrate it!


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