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2Physics Quote:
"The exchange character of identical particles plays an important role in physics. For bosons, such an exchange leaves their quantum state the same, while a single exchange between two fermions gives a minus sign multiplying their wave function. A single exchange between two Abelian anyons gives rise to a phase factor that can be different than 1 or -1, that corresponds to bosons or fermions, respectively. More exotic exchanging character are possible, namely non-Abelian anyons. These particles have their quantum state change more dramatically, when an exchange between them takes place, to a possibly different state." -- Jin-Shi Xu, Kai Sun, Yong-Jian Han, Chuan-Feng Li, Jiannis K. Pachos, Guang-Can Guo
(Read Full Article: "Experimental Simulation of the Exchange of Majorana Zero Modes"
)

Saturday, September 03, 2005

ITER's Tokamak

The most advanced approach to fusion involves
using magnetic fields to confine the deuterium
–tritium plasma. This is the route to be taken by
International Thermonuclear Experimental
Reactor (ITER), which will build a fusion reactor
at Cadarache in the south of France [ITER is an
international coallition among China, the European
Union (EU), Japan, Russia, South Korea and the
US]. The project will cost $10 billion to build and
run. ITER will use magnetic fields generated by
superconducting coils to confine a plasma of
deuterium and tritium in a donut-shaped chamber
called a Tokamak. The plasma will be heated to a temperature of 100
million degrees so that the deuterium and tritium nuclei can overcome
their mutual repulsion and undergo nuclear fusion.


1 Comments:

At 8:02 AM, Blogger oceanskies79 said...

I read this for a while, and I suppose my physics has yet to be so good that I could understand the concepts behind. It would be helpful if charts or figures could be used. I am more visual.

 

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