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2Physics Quote:
"Can photons in vacuum interact? The answer is not, since the vacuum is a linear medium where electromagnetic excitations and waves simply sum up, crossing themselves with no interaction. There exist a plenty of nonlinear media where the propagation features depend on the concentration of the waves or particles themselves. For example travelling photons in a nonlinear optical medium modify their structures during the propagation, attracting or repelling each other depending on the focusing or defocusing properties of the medium, and giving rise to self-sustained preserving profiles such as space and time solitons or rapidly rising fronts such as shock waves." -- Lorenzo Dominici, Mikhail Petrov, Michal Matuszewski, Dario Ballarini, Milena De Giorgi, David Colas, Emiliano Cancellieri, Blanca Silva Fernández, Alberto Bramati, Giuseppe Gigli, Alexei Kavokin, Fabrice Laussy, Daniele Sanvitto. (Read Full Article: "The Real-Space Collapse of a Two Dimensional Polariton Gas" )

Wednesday, March 01, 2006

Owen Chamberlain (1920-2006)


Owen Chamberlain, 1950s (photo courtesy: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)

Nobel Laureate Physicist Owen Chamberlain died yesterday at the age of 85 in his Berkeley home. Owen was a Professor Emeritus of physics at University of California, Berkeley. Chamberlain died quietly in bed from complications of Parkinson's disease, which had plagued him for many years.

He and fellow UC Berkeley physicist Emilio Segrè, both researchers at the former Radiation Laboratory that is now Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1959 for their discovery of the antiproton, the antimatter equivalent and negatively-charged mirror image of the proton. This previously postulated subatomic particle was the second antiparticle to be discovered and led directly to the discovery of many additional antiparticles.

Chamberlain worked on the U.S. atom bomb project from 1942 to 1946. He was present at the first atomic bomb test at Alamogordo, New Mexico, in 1945, losing a $5 bet that it would not explode.

Later, while completing his Ph.D. at the University of Chicago, he worked at Argonne National Laboratory, in Illinois. In 1948 he joined the faculty of the University of California at Berkeley, where he became a full professor in 1958. There he conducted research on alpha particle decay, neutron diffraction in liquids, and high-energy nuclear particle reactions.

His proton- and neutron-scattering experiments were conducted with the 184-inch cyclotron at the Radiation Laboratory on the hill above the campus, while his and Segrè's experiments with the antiproton were conducted with the UC Berkeley Bevatron, at the time the largest "atom smasher" in the world. Using it, Chamberlain achieved the first triple-scattering experiment with polarized protons. He and Segrè used the bevatron to produce antiprotons in 1955.

Although he retired in 1989, Chamberlain continued to attend weekly departmental colloquia at Berkeley, including one just last week.

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