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2Physics Quote:
"Many of the molecules found by ROSINA DFMS in the coma of comet 67P are compatible with the idea that comets delivered key molecules for prebiotic chemistry throughout the solar system and in particular to the early Earth increasing drastically the concentration of life-related chemicals by impact on a closed water body. The fact that glycine was most probably formed on dust grains in the presolar stage also makes these molecules somehow universal, which means that what happened in the solar system could probably happen elsewhere in the Universe."
-- Kathrin Altwegg and the ROSINA Team

(Read Full Article: "Glycine, an Amino Acid and Other Prebiotic Molecules in Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko"
)

Friday, April 13, 2007

High Energy Physics : 5 Needed Breakthroughs
-- Guenakh Mitselmakher

[ Our guest today in the ongoing feature,
'5-Breakthroughs' is Guenakh Mitselmakher, Distinguished Professor of Physics and Director of the Institute for High Energy Physics and Astrophysics at University of Florida, Gainesville.

Currently, he is also the leader of the Muon system development for the
CMS detector. CMS is one of two major universal detectors at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland, which will begin operations in 2007-2008. He is also a member of the LIGO Science Collaboration, looking for the so called "burst" signals of Gravitational Wave (signals of limited duration), which may originate at a variety of astrophysical sources like supernova explosion.

In the long career starting from his PhD work in 1974 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia, Prof. Mitselmakher made numerous important contributions in the field of Experimental high energy physics. Notable among those are studies of the lepton number conservation in rare decays of muons, investigations of the electromagnetic structure of pions, including the first measurements of the pion charge radius and polarizability, studies of the Standard Model and Beyond with the
DELPHI detector at CERN and with the CDF detector at Fermilab. He also proposed a new type of Particle detectors (what is now called Quantum Calorimetry or bolometry), now broadly used in Paricle Physics and Astrophysics.

Here are 5 important breakthroughs that Prof. Mitselmakher would like to see in High Energy Physics.
-- 2Physics.com Team]

1. To understand the origin of "Dark Energy".

2. To understand the origin of "Dark Matter".

3. To find the Higgs or an alternative explanation for the spontaneous symmetry breaking in the Standard Model.

4. To explain (and calculate) the parameters of the Standard Model, such as masses and mixing angles of quarks and leptons.

5. To test if quarks (and other particles considered to be point-like) have a substructure.

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